Facebook removes pages of top Myanmar military official, others

Myanmar’s army 'killed Muslim Rohingyas with genocidal intent’

Investigators working for the UN's top human rights body said on Monday that Myanmar military leaders should be prosecuted for genocide against Rohingya Muslims, taking the unusual step of identifying six by name among those behind deadly, systematic crimes against the ethnic minority.

Some 700,000 Rohingya have fled from Myanmar's western state of Rakhine over the past year in response to a brutal counterinsurgency campaign by the military, which has been accused of massive human rights violations.

The report was published about a year after the violence against Rohingya Muslims occurred in Rakhine state, however, the mission was set up in March 2017, almost six months before the alleged genocide occurred. "The Tatmadaw's tactics are consistently and grossly disproportionate to actual security threats", the report says.

The report named six high-ranking military officials, including Sr. The case will be sent to the International Criminal Court in the Hague or will be presented for an ad hoc tribunal to be created to investigate the actions of the alleged perpetrators.

The fact-finders dismissed the government and security forces' claims that the operation was a legitimate response to attacks by Rohingya insurgents on police outposts on August 25. Their report said the commander-in-chief of Myanmar's armed forces and five generals should be prosecuted for orchestrating the gravest crimes under law.

The team compiled accounts of crimes including gang rape, the torching of hundreds of villages, enslavement and killings of children - some before the eyes of their own parents.

What crimes does the United Nations allege?

Worldwide experts, most recently in a report by the UN Human Rights Council-authorized Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar, have found evidence that many of these individuals and organizations committed or enabled serious human rights abuses in the country.

The U.S. already maintains restrictions on visas, arms sales and assistance to Myanmar's military.

The Rohingya are one of many ethnic minorities in Myanmar and make up the largest percentage of the country's Muslims.

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Decades of state-sponsored stigmatization against Rohingya had resulted in "institutionalized oppression from birth to death", the report said.

The crimes documented in Kachin, Shan and Rakhine include murder, imprisonment, torture, rape, sexual slavery, persecution and enslavement that "undoubtedly amount to the gravest crimes under global law".

"The crimes in Rakhine state, and the manner in which they were perpetrated are similar in nature, gravity and scope to those that have allowed genocidal intent to be established in other contexts", the report said, alluding to a region of Myanmar that is home for many Rohingya.

"Although improved in recent months, Facebook's response has been slow and ineffective", said the report by the Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar, authorized by the U.N. Human Rights Council.

The UN mission listed a number of senior army officials who it said bear the greatest responsibility.

Zaw Htay, spokesman for Suu Kyi's government, could not immediately be reached for comment.

Darusman said a wider confidential list of suspects included civilians and insurgents as well as members of the military.

In doing so, it "contributed to the commission of atrocity crimes", the report said.

It also strongly criticised civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi for failing to use her position and moral authority to stand up for the Rohingya against the military.

The 20-page report consisting of its main findings was based on 847 interviews, satellite imagery, authenticated documents, photographs, and video, and covered serious abuses in Rakhine, Shan, and Kachin States from 2011 to the present.

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