Eastern Europe: number of HIV diagnoses reached a peak

Epidemic: HIV Rates Keep Rising in Eastern Europe

Last week, a report found 9.4 million people living with HIV worldwide do not know they have the virus. The amount of contemporary HIV diagnoses in the area resumed escalating in 2017, but the momentum of the stride of the growth is decelerating according to the report from the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control and the WHO Regional Office for Europe.

"We need to unite to avert a full-blown HIV epidemic by taking immediate preventive measures, encourage HIV testing and treatment, and addressing HIV associated stigma and discrimination to reduce the number of new HIV infections".

"We all need to realize our responsibilities and the critical role we all have to play to make Pakistan HIV free", the minister said while addressing a Seminar in connection with World AIDS Day. Between 2007 and 2016, the number of diagnoses in Eastern Europe had increased by 95 percent; between 2008 and 2017, the increase was only 68 percent. "Our efforts must continue apace in order to eliminate HIV".

"It is hard to speak of good news, if one looks to another year with unacceptable high probability of paying back", says Zsuzsanna Jakap, Director of the WHO Regional Office Europe.

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Lloyd Russell Moyle has been diagnosed with HIV

The Report covered Region consists of 53 countries, where altogether nearly 900 million people live.

Although most HIV epidemics in the region are becoming more general in nature, key populations remain the most affected. It is important not to delay if you have put yourself at risk.

Against the UN's 90-90-90 targets (that 90% of those living with HIV are diagnosed; 90% of people diagnosed were receiving treatment; and 90% of those being treated were virally suppressed), in 2017, 92% of people living with HIV in the United Kingdom had been diagnosed, 98% of those diagnosed were receiving treatment and 97% of people receiving treatment were virally suppressed.

"It's hard to talk about good news in the face of another year of unacceptably high numbers of people infected with HIV". They include successful programmes to offer more frequent and targeted HIV testing to promote earlier diagnosis. The predominant modes of transmission in these countries were heterosexual transmission and transmission through injecting drug use. Thirty-one (41%) new HIV diagnoses were made at a late stage. This is the largest number of HIV diagnoses, which was ever pronounced in the Region. It is estimated that the majority of onward transmission is from those with undiagnosed HIV. Participants expressed governments' firm commitment to scale up efforts to implement the Action Plan for the Health Sector Response to HIV in the WHO European Region and achieve the 90-90-90 targets.

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